Alexander Keith Johnston (1844-1879) was an explorer and geographer of Tanzania. Born in Edinburgh, he was the only son of the cartographer and publisher Alexander Keith Johnston, elder (1804-1871). His father and private tutors trained him in cartography and geography, and worked for the firm of Edward Stanford from 1866 to 1867. He then travelled ..
Walter Oudney (1790-1824) was a Scottish physician, botanist and North African explorer. Beginnings Born in Edinburgh to humble parents, Oudney began his medical career as a naval surgeon’s mate while in his late teens, becoming a full surgeon in 1810 at 20 years of age. On returning to Edinburgh he took medical classes at the ..
John Campbell (1766-1840) was a Scottish missionary and traveller in South Africa. Beginnings John Campbell on the banks of the Orange River, 1815 Campbell was born in Edinburgh at The Cowgate, and educated in the Royal High School alongside Sir Walter Scott. His parents died while in his early childhood and he brought up by ..
James Bruce (1730-1794) was an adventurer, traveller and explorer of North Africa and Ethiopia, where he traced the origins of the Blue Nile. Beginnings Kinnaird House, circa 1905 Bruce was born in Kinnaird House, Stirlingshire, becoming Laird at the age of 28, and descended from the great Scottish King Robert the Bruce. He was a ..